Research station side missions occur during the normal course of the game. Each district has at least one but there may be more. When you go to the map screen when you unlock them, you’ll see how many are in it.
These are straight forward missions and not long. Generally separated into two parts. ID the issue or collect something, then employ its countermeasure. The only one I had significant trouble in was aligning the radars while it was lightening. For some reason it glitched when I died before making it to the last one. If this happens just abandon the mission and restart. Once you complete them all, the trophy will pop.